16-27 August 2021
The Dutch University Institute for Art History, Florence (NIKI)
Professor: Michael W. Kwakkelstein, PhD
Location: The Dutch University Institute for Art History, Florence (NIKI)
Credits: 6 ECTS
Office hours: after class
Costs: € 10* per person per night (museum visits and travel expenses not included).
€ 12-15 Reader
*€ 25 per person per night for those who not registered as a student at one of the six participating universities.
An in-depth study of the drawings, paintings, and writings of Leonardo da Vinci (Vinci 1452-Amboise, France 1519). This course seeks to define the relationship between Leonardo’s development as a painter and his scientific research. The student will become familiar not only with the artist’s individual masterpieces, but also with his writings on painting and the implications of his concept of painting as a science. The student will gain insight in the design process of Leonardo’s painted works through an attentive analysis of the preparatory drawings that reveal a close study of cause and effect in Nature.
To introduce the student to the art and scientific thought of Leonardo da Vinci and to enable him or her to understand and appreciate the originality and universality of his genius. The student will learn the significance of Leonardo’s pioneering research in various branches of knowledge and will understand how that research relates to his artistic ideas about painting and his practice. The student will become familiar with the role drawing played not only in the creative process, but also in the transmission of the vast body of knowledge Leonardo gathered with the intention to compile illustrated treatises for the benefit of the painter. Finally, daily class discussions of the literature in the Reader will aid the student in developing academic skills.
The course will be a combination of lectures with power point presentation/discussions of the readings in class and guided visits on site in museums in Florence.
A reader will be handed out during an introductory class on (Utrecht, time t.b.a.).
Students will write a research paper with a 20 minutes-presentation at the institute (list of topics and outline term paper will be handed out at the beginning of the course). Paper: 2500 word (MA-level: 4000 words). Your presentation should include: brief outline of research question, state of research, method of research, sources used, additional questions raised, new insights, bibliography. Knowledge should reflect research, readings (Reader) and lectures.
Deadline paper: Monday, October 18th, 2021.
The following research questions are of importance to this course:
- How do Leonardo’s ideas about good painting relate to his own artistic practice?
- What visual strategies did he develop for the transmission of scientific knowledge and how does the image and the writing relate to each other?
- How do Leonardo’s ideas about good painting relate to such ideas expressed by ancient authors (e.g. Pliny) and his contemporaries or near contemporaries?
- How do Leonardo’s ideas about painting relate to contemporary painting (does he criticize Italian painting and if so, why?)
- What is the influence he exerted on his contemporaries both as a painter and as a teacher of art?
Please send your cv with GPA and letter of motivation before May 1st, 2021 to email@example.com
Acidini, C., Leonardo & Florence. Selected folios from the Codex Atlanticus, Florence 2019
Ames-Lewis, F., The intellectual life of the Early Renaissance artist, New Haven/London 2000
Bambach, C. (ed.), Leonardo da Vinci. Master Draftsman. New Haven and London 2003
Bambach, C., Leonardo da Vinci Rediscovered, 4 vols., New Haven and London 2019.
Barone, J. (ed.), Leonardo da Vinci. A Mind in Motion, London 2019.
Baxandall, M., Giotto and the Orators: Humanist Observers of painting in Italy and the Discovery of Pictorial Composition 1350-1450, Oxford 1971
Borgo, F., Maffeis, R., Nova, A. (eds), Leonardo in Dialogue. The Artist and his Contemporaries, Venice 2019.
Capra, F., Learning from Leonardo. Decoding the Notebooks of a Genius, San Francisco 2013.
Clayton, M., Leonardo da Vinci. The Divine and the Grotesque, London 2002.
Clayton, M., Leonardo da Vinci. A Life in Drawing, London 2019
Dalivalle, M., Kemp, M., Simon, R.B., Leonardo’s Salvator Mundi & The Collection of Leonardo in the Stuart Courts, Oxford 2019.
Freedman, L., “Rilievo as an artistic term in Renaissance art theory”, Rinascimento, N.F., 29, 1989, pp. 217-247.
Galluzzi, P., (ed.); Water as Microscope of Nature. Leonardo da Vinci’s Codex Leicester, Florence 2019.
Delieuvin V. (ed.), Saint Anne. Leonardo da Vinci’s Ultimate Masterpiece, Paris 2012.
Gombrich, E.H. “The Leaven of criticism in Renaissance art” in E.H. Gombrich, The Heritage of Apelles: Studies in the Art of the Renaissance, Oxford 1976, pp. 111-131.
Gombrich, E.H., “Leonardo on the Science of Painting: Towards a Commentary on the ‘Trattato della Pittura’, in E.H. Gombrich, New Light on Old Masters. Studies in the Art of the Renaissance IV, London 1986 (orig. ed. 1982). Pp. 32-60
Keizer, J., Leonardo’s Paradox. Word and Image in the Making of Renaissance Culture, London 2019.
Kemp, M., “From ‘Mimesis’ to ‘Fantasia’: The Quattrocento Vocabulary of Creative Inspiration”, Viator, 8 (1977), pp. 347-398.
Kemp, M., “Leonardo da Vinci: Science and the Poetic Impulse”, Journal of the Royal Society of Arts, 133 (1985), pp. 196-213 Reprinted in: Michael W. Cole, Sixteenth-Century Italian Art, Blackwell 2006, pp. 94-114.
Kemp. M., Behind the Picture. Art and Evidence in the Italian Renaissance, New Haven and London 1997.
Kemp, M., Leonardo da Vinci. The Marvellous Works of Nature and Man, Oxford 2006.
Kwakkelstein, M.W., Leonardo da Vinci as a Physiognomist. Theory and Drawing Practice, Leiden 1994.
Kwakkelstein, M.W., “Did Leonardo always practice what he preached? Discrepancies between Leonardo’s didactic views on painting and his artistic practice”, Letteratura e arte 9 (2011), pp. 107-136.
Kwakkelstein, M.W., Het wezen van de schilderkunst volgens Leonardo da Vinci. Over de verhouding tussen kunsttheorie en de praktijk van de schilder in de Renaissance, Utrecht 2011.
Kwakkelstein, M.W., “Leonardo da Vinci’s Recurrent Use of Patterns of Individual Limbs, Stock Poses and Facial Stereotypes”, in: Ciulisova, I., (ed.), Artistic Innovations and Cultural Zones, Frankfurt am Main 2014, pp. 45-61.
Kwakkelstein, M.W., “The Slow Impact of Leonardo da Vinci’s Ideas on Painting in Sforza Milan”, Artibus et Historiae, 77 (2018), pp. 77-98.
Kwakkelstein, M.W. and Plomp, M., Leonardo da Vinci. The Language of Faces, Bussum 2018.
Laurenza, D., Leonardo da Vinci. The Codex Leicester, Florence 2019.
Lewis, B., The Last Leonardo. The secret lives of the world’s most expensive painting, London 2019.
Marani, P., Leonardo da Vinci. The Complete Paintings, 2de ed., Milan 2019.
Marani, P. And Fiorio, M.T., Leonardo da Vinci 1452-1519. The Design of the World, exhibition catalogue (Palazzo Reale, Milan), Milan 2015.
Quiviger, F., Leonardo da Vinci. Self, Art and Nature, London 2019
Syson L. and Keith, L., Leonardo da Vinci. Painter at the Court of Milan, exhibition catalogue (The National Gallery, London), London 2011.
Vecce, C. (ed.), Leonardo and his books. The library of the universal genius, Florence 2019.
Wohl, H., “’Puro senza ornato’: Masaccio, Cristorofo Landino and Leonardo da Vinci”, Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes, vol. 56 (1993), pp. 256-260.
Leonardo on Painting. An anthology of writings by Leonardo da Vinci, Ed. Martin Kemp and Margaret Walker, Yale University Press and London 1989.
Treatise on Painting [Codex Urbinas Latinus] By Leonardo da Vinci. Translated and annotated by A. Philip McMahon, 2 vols., Princeton 1956.
Leonardo da Vinci. Libro di Pittura. Codice Urbinate lat. 1270 nella Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, C. Pedretti en C. Vecce (eds), Florence 1995.
Leonardo da Vinci. Paragone. Verhandeling over de schilderkunst. Eerste boek. Inleiding Robert Zwijnenberg, vertaling Wilfred Oranje, Amsterdam 1996.
Leonardo da Vinci. Boek over de schilderkunst. Een selectie. Met een voorwoord van Michael W. Kwakkelstein, Amsterdam 2018
Leonardo da Vinci. Leonardo literair, gekozen, vertaald en toegelicht door Patrick Lateur, Amsterdam 2019
The Literary Works of Leonardo da Vinci. Compiled and edited from the original manuscripts, J.P. Richter (ed.), 2 vols., London 1970 (3rd ed.).
Leonardo da Vinci. Notebooks. Selected by Irma Richter edited by Thereza Wells with a preface by Martin Kemp, Oxford 2008.
- MacCurdy, The Notebooks of Leonardo da Vinci, London 1939.
- Pedretti, Leonardo da Vinci On painting. A Lost Book (Libro A), Berkeley/Los Angeles 1964.
- Pedretti, The Literary Works of Leonardo da Vinci compiled and edited from the original manuscripts by Jean Paul Richter. Commentary, 2 vols., Oxford 1977.