Xiaobai Chen | Function of buffer zone in heritage conservation | Utrecht University, History and Art History Department | Promotor : Prof. Dr. Koen Ottenheym | supervisor: Dr. Merlijn Hurx. | October 2017 – October 2021 | x.chen2[at]uu.nl
The buffer zone of a heritage is a special space delineated for the world cultural heritages conservation, and focus on the protection of the immediate surroundings of the world cultural heritages. Within the buffer zone, the height, volume and scale of the new constructions are limited. However, with the global economic development, urban development increasingly contradicts with the heritage buffer zone. For example, the high-rise buildings of the urban development in the buffer zone area can severely affect the visual integrity and authenticity of world cultural heritages. Finding a way to keep the balance between the world cultural heritage conservation via the buffer zone delineation and urban development is very important for the world cultural heritage conservation.
My research work takes advantage of several cases to analyze and compare how the buffer zone protects the world cultural heritages, including the buffer zones either failed or succeeded to protect the heritages. I investigated the implementation of the buffer zone management regulations in each case. Moreover, the high-rise building as a marker of urban development tend to threaten the world cultural heritage. My work is trying to understand how the high-rise buildings in the buffer zone affect the heritage conservation. Besides, I am interested in the economic and political power underlying the approved urban development projects in the heritage buffer zone in some historical cities, e.g., Liverpool.