PALATIUM / OSK Summer School 2012
Court Residences as Places of Artistic Exchange in Late Medieval and Early Modern Europe
A seminar for art historians and architectural historians
Enrolment is possible until April 15th, 2012 (date has been changed)
Date: 1-10 July 2012
Location: Utrecht, The Netherlands, with field trips to various castles and residences inHolland andGermany.
Organisation: Onderzoekschool Kunstgeschiedenis (Dutch Post Graduate School for Art History -- www.onderzoekschoolkunstgeschiedenis.nl) in cooperation with PALATIUM, a research networking program of the European Science Foundation. (www.courtresidences.eu ).
Supervision: Konrad Ottenheym, professor for architectural history,UtrechtUniversity
Martijn van Beek, secretary of the Onderzoekschool Kunstgeschiedenis
Aim of the summer school
This summer school will focus on the late medieval and early modern European court residence, or ‘palace’, in an interdisciplinary perspective. The world of the courts 1400-1750 constituted a network of truly European scale and international character, but its architecture is only rarely studied in its connectivity. Here the ‘palace’ is seen as a place for cultural exchange. Human interaction in this space is regulated and codified by a set of rules, known as the ‘ceremonial’.
The interaction between palace architecture (tangible) including its interior decorations and stately collections, and the ceremonial (intangible, but known through a set of tangible testimonials of different types, written and visual) is one of the key questions this summer school aims to address. The palace’s space and form carry multiple connotations. To the informed observer they represent power, lineage, and tradition versus innovation. The decoding of this system of signs necessitates input not only of architectural and art historians, but also of various other disciplines, such as archaeology, social history, politics, literature, theatre and music.
Important questions that will be addressed in this summer school are focused upon the sovereignty’s space and its rituals. Of crucial importance in the ceremonial and spatial organization of the residences were the etiquette and settings used for the official confrontation between different courts at diplomatic receptions of foreign princes, ambassadors and other distinguished visitors. How was the spatial order and hierarchy of rooms, leading from the entrance of the residence to the audience hall or the stage for stately banquets? How were the different levels of distance or closeness to the nucleus of power visually expressed? What was the relationship between the state rooms and the private sections of the residence?
In connection with the previous questions also the iconography of the residence exterior and interiors will be discussed, especially the display of lineage, kinship, and tradition. Claims of age]old and noble origin were of vital symbolic and identity]creating value for several European courts, regardless of political status and size. Were particular iconographic meanings expressed in relation to specific local or regional circumstances? Were the symbolic values displayed only in the more public areas, or were less accessible parts of the residence also the object of significant iconographic programs? Which role had art collections here?
The lectures at the summer school will deal with residences all over Europe; as a matter of the field trips will focus on the most relevant examples in theLow Countriesand its surrounding areas. The summer school aims at stimulating exchanges of knowledge and experience by offering lectures by historians, architectural historians and art historians. It is open to Research MA students and PhD’s in these disciplines from all nationalities, so as to mirror the international network of courts that is being examined.
Sunday July 1: arrival of participants from abroad
Monday July 2: introductory lectures on court history and residence architecture inEurope:
9.00 Konrad Ottenheym (UU): Introduction: Inventories and other the paper sources
11.00 José Luis Sancho (Patrimonio Nacional, Madrid): The building as a source; the case study of Aranjuez
14.00 Rudi Ekkart (RKD): Portrait galleries and art collections at court.
Tuesday July 3: lectures on medieval and sixteenth-century residences
9.00 Lex Bosman (UvA): High medieval imperial palatine residences.
11.00 Krista De Jonge (KU Leuven): Burgundian residences and their afterlife in the 16th century.
14.00 Monique Chatenet (Centre André Chastel, Paris): The French court of the 16th century.
Wednesday July 4: field trip toBergenop Zoom (Markiezenhof, an early sixteenth-century urban residence of the Marques of Bergen op Zoom) andBreda(the early Renaissance palace of the house ofNassauas well as theNassaufuneral monument in theCityChurch).
Thursday July 5: lectures on seventeenth-century residences
9.00 Konrad Ottenheym (UU): A universal model? Variations in 17th-century court architecture.
11.00 Willemijn Fock (em. Univ. Leiden): The court of Stadholder Fredrick Henry of Orange and Amalia of Solms: the interiors of their residences.
14.00 Karolien de Clippel (Utrecht University): The great decoration programs: Banqueting Hall, the Medici- cycle in the Luxembourg and the Oranjezaal in Huis ten Bosch.
Friday July 6: field trip to palace Het Loo atApeldoornand its gardens (the summer residence of William and Mary). Introduction by Johan Carel Bierens de Haan (Paleis Het Loo).
Saturday July 7: field trip to Amerongen, thecastleofGodard Adriaan van Reede(1676) and to Middachten castle (1695), the country seat of Godard van Reede-Ginkel, earl of Athlone and baron of Aughrim and son of the lord of Amerongen.
Sunday July 8: day off
Monday July 9: lectures on eighteenth-century developments
9.00 Stephan Hoppe (Univ. München), The baroque residence.
11.00 Konrad Ottenheym (UU): Staircases as architectural epicenters.
14.00 ,The informal court: Hunting lodges and summer pavilions.
Tuesday July 10: field trip to Brühl (Germany): Schloss Augustusburg and its ‘trianon’ Falkenlust.
Wednesday July 11: discussion of the topics chosen for the papers. End of the summer school
Papers, Presentations and Credits (ECTS)
Students will get a list of articles and books to be studied in advance, in order to arrive well prepared. Lively participation in the discussions in class as well as in situ will be encouraged. All participants will have to write a paper of c. 5000 words on a topic related to the summer school (deadline: September 1st, 2012). Those who will follow the whole course, including the final paper, will receive a credit of 5 EC. It is possible to upgrade this to 7,5 EC if this will fit better into your university’s credit system.
Stay in Utrecht
The Onderzoekschool Kunstgeschiedenis has made reservations for students from abroad to stay in the Strowis Inn, a nice hostel in the historical centre ofUtrecht. Students living in theNetherlandswho want to stay there as well: please contact Martijn van Beek, secretary of the Onderzoekschool Kunstgeschiedenis.
Costs and Grants
There are no costs for research MA students and PhD-students from Dutch universities to participate (for the lectures, field trips and entrance fees).
Not included: travel expenses toUtrecht, food and beverage.
How to Apply?
Please send a short cv and a letter of motivation.
* MA students and PhDs from outside The Netherlands: to the PALATIUM coordinator Dr. Pieter Martens
*Research MA students and PhDs of Dutch universities: to the secretary of the onderzoekschool, Martijn van Beek MA